Issues on Child Adoption Faced by LGBT Couples

Gay couple and their adopted daughter

Gay couple and their adopted daughterIn the United States at this time, an estimate of children living with at least one gay parents puts the figure between six million to 14 million. About two million LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) people in America are interested in adopting a child to be raised as their own.

Adoption is legal for same-sex couples in all states. Yet, many legal hurdles remain, and numerous concerns regarding child welfare prevent potentially capable parents from adopting children.

Legal hurdles

LGBT couples residing in the US have numerous avenues for adoption available to them. The legal requirements vary per state. For instance, some states require that couples should be legally married to be eligible as adoptive parents.

Special rules on raising children may apply in some states, particularly in cases when the couple is not married, or when a child is born to LGBT couples. Generally, there is no standard set of laws defining whether a person of LGBT orientation can or cannot be a parent.

Some states offer ample protection to LGBT families, while others do not recognize them as potentially capable parents. If you are interested in adopting, you must sit down with Santa Fe family law lawyers or attorneys and ascertain your eligibility.

You have to determine the requirements and opportunities available to you where you live.

Child welfare

Several studies have been done to determine how LBGT families are raising children. Results are divided and decidedly biased depending on who conducted the research. By far, there is no study offering a finding that children raised in LGBT households are disadvantaged in any way.

Nevertheless, LGBT adoption is wrought with child welfare concerns. What are the most common child welfare concerns surrounding LGBT adoption petitions?

Bullying and harassment

Girl being bulliedAdopted children could face difficulties when they are among persons of a more conservative stance or have a particular aversion to LGBT unions. The most common concern is the risk of bullying and harassment among children with LBGT parents.

Case observations point to the fact that children being raised in LGBT households are more prone to bullying from their peers, and harassment from members of the community. Sometimes, a court deciding on an adoption petition may consider the risk of bullying and harassment as enough grounds for dismissing an application.

The decision is based more on know social stigma and bias than documented and proven cases of prejudice.

Child molestation

Another significant concern is the misplaced fear of child molestation from LGBT parents. Unfortunately, many people still associate homosexuality with pedophilia, which are not necessarily related. In fact, cases of child molestation typically involve heterosexual perpetrators.

Disturbances in the development of sexual identity

Lastly, specific sectors abide by the belief that children who are being raised by parents who are LGBT will be LGBT as well. Studies reveal no evidence linking the sexual identity of a child with their parents’ sexual orientation. These and other assumptions make it difficult for LGBT couples to overcome hurdles in adopting children.

LGBT couples want to adopt children and raise them as their own. While the law allows them the privilege, numerous factors prevent children needing families from ending up with LGBT parents.